Fischer Lathes - mesin bubut Fischer

Fischer were German lathe manufacturers, based in the town of Freital in Saxonia. Inscribed on the older machine illustrated below - probably from the early 1920s - is the following legend:
Fischer & Co. Komm Ges Speczialfabric fur Drehbanke Freital i. Sa. Other pre-WW2 machines have been found with: Fischer Spezialfarbik für Drehmaschinen GmbH, Freital in Sachsen. After WW2, the town of Sachsen became part of the GDR (German Democratic Republic, the communist-controlled East Germany) and company's name was changed to VEB, a German abbreviation for Volkseigener Betrieb, the People's Enterprise.
Shown below is a Fischer lathe with a swing over the ways of approximately 15 inches and a distance between centers of 40 inches. The V-belt driven headstock incorporated a clutch with the six spindle-speeds selected by two levers, one on the front of the headstock and the other on top - the label on the headstock reading:
Scalten-nur beim Auslant

Umdr. der Arbeit ssp. pr. 1 min.
Hebel Mit Vorgelege ohne Vorgelege
Middle 26 151
Bottom 47 273
Top 84 490
A basic translation would read: Let the lathe stop before changing gear and Lever with reduction gear and without reduction gears Thus, the spindle-speed range ran from: 26, 47 and 84 r.p.m. in backgear and: 151, 273 and 490 r.p.m. in direct drive.
A conventional tumble-reverse mechanism was incorporated inside the headstock casting and below the left-hand end of the headstock spindle; it drove down to a screwcutting gearbox with outputs to a leadscrew and a powershaft for sliding and surfacing feeds.
Pictures of later Fischer lathes can be seen here.
If any reader has details of Fischer machine tools, the Fischer Company or Fischer advertising literature the writer be pleased to hear from them.
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